Gum Disease Treatment
Do you bleed when you brush or floss? Have you noticed that your teeth have shifted? Are your gums red or swollen? It might be time for you to talk to Dr. Jeff Bynum in Valrico, FL about gum disease (also known as periodontal disease). Don’t worry; if it’s caught early, it can be slowed and even stopped.
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What is Gum Disease?
Basically, periodontal disease is a serious infection that can lead to tooth loss and other serious health issues. Gum disease ranges from a simple inflammation of the gums to major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support your teeth. And if you think losing teeth sounds bad, the same bacteria and viruses that cause periodontal disease have been linked to pre-term labor for pregnant women, and heart disease, diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis for otherwise healthy individuals.
Besides not brushing and flossing regularly, other factors that put you at risk for gum disease include smoking, diabetes, genetic pre-disposition, certain medications, and stress. And if you aren’t taking care of your teeth, the plaque that builds up on your teeth will turn into tartar that brushing can’t remove. If it isn’t removed, then gingivitis and periodontitis are likely to follow. And only a dental team like Five Star Dental Care has the tools and techniques to remove tartar and prevent gum disease from severely impacting your oral health.
Types of Gum Disease
Ever heard of gingivitis? It is the mildest form of periodontal disease. You usually won’t be too uncomfortable at this stage but you will notice red, swollen, and bleeding gums. However, with proper oral care and regular visits to Tampa-area dentist Dr. Bynum you can reverse the effects of gingivitis.
If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis. As time goes on plaque will spread and the toxins produced on bacteria in plaque can seriously irritate your gums.
This can also cause the bones that support your teeth to break down and be destroyed. This then leads the gums to separate from the teeth and create pockets prone to infection. As this worsens it will lead to loose teeth and tooth loss.
How Can Gum Disease be Treated?
Gum disease treatment depends on the stage of your gum disease and your overall health. There are both surgical and nonsurgical treatments available from Five Star Dental Care near Brandon that will either control the bacteria growing in your mouth to restoring the tissue lost to gum disease.
Nonsurgical treatments for periodontal disease include:
- Dental cleanings – Visiting your dentist every six months for a cleaning is an easy way to clean and prevent plaque and tartar buildup in your mouth.
- Antibacterial rinses – Used correctly and consistently, these also help lessen the buildup of plaque and calculus.
- Scaling and root planing – This is a deep-cleaning done under a local anaesthetic to control sensitivity. During this procedure, the plaque and tartar both above and below the gum line are scraped away using scalers and ultrasonics, and rough spots on the tooth are made smooth again.
- Antibiotic and antiviral pills – These medicines also help kill the bacteria and viruses that contribute to gum disease, as well as lessen the severity of periodontal infections.
Surgical treatments for gum disease include:
- Flap surgery/pocket reduction surgery – This procedure is used to lift the gums back and remove tartar underneath.
- Soft tissue grafts – If your gums have become too thin, then this procedure will reinforce or fill in the places where your gums have receded.
- Bone grafts – With this procedure your dentist will use fragments of your own bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone to replace bone destroyed by gum disease.
Dr. Bynum is trained to perform both non-surgical and surgical gum disease treatment. In his role as a Clinical Instructor at the prestigious Kois Center, he and his colleagues have created helpful guides to understand more about:
- Periodontal (gum) disease (PDF, 126kb)
- Non-surgical gum disease treatment (PDF, 100kb)
- Surgical gum disease treatment (PDF, 219kb)
The earlier gum disease is detected and treated, the less invasive the treatment needs to be. So if you think you may have periodontal disease or if you haven’t had a dental appointment in a while, then please give Dr. Bynum a call at 813-699-5951 or visit us in our Valrico dentist office—a quick trip from Brandon, Riverview or Tampa, FL.
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Meet Valrico Dental Implant Dentist Dr. Jeff Bynum
Dr. Jeff Bynum, DDS of Valrico has been creating beautiful smiles in the Riverview – Brandon, FL area for more than 20 years. Learn more